Best management practices (BMPs) are practices that are capable of protecting the environment while considering economic factors, availability, technical feasibility, ability to implement, and effectiveness.

The MDA is responsible for the development, promotion and evaluation of BMPs. The BMPs include mandatory label requirements and a series of optional voluntary practices. Together, these practices reduce contamination of water resources, reduce the severity of off-target impacts and guide chemical use while considering the specific needs of farming operations.

Many of the resources listed below are available in a printed form. To request free copies of these resources please complete one of the online document request forms listed under "Forms + Resources".

*New* Final Clothianidin and Imidacloprid BMPs Now Available

The MDA has adopted water quality BMPs for the agricultural use of two neonicotinoid insecticides, clothianidin and imidacloprid.

View the Water Quality Best Management Practices for Agricultural Use of Clothianidin and Imidacloprid in the Minnesota Water Resource Digital Library.

Draft BMPs were published on November 21, 2022 (47 SR 475), and public comments were accepted for a 60-day period ending on January 19, 2023. Minor revisions were made to the draft BMPs based on comments received. For more information, see the Summary of Comments and Responses (PDF). Notice of the adoption of the new BMPs was published in the March 13, 2023 Minnesota State Register.

Herbicide BMPs

These voluntary BMPs should be adopted when applying all agricultural herbicides in Minnesota.

Insecticide BMPs

The following core voluntary BMPs should be adopted when applying agricultural insecticides in Minnesota. The BMPs may also refer to mandatory label use requirements. Always read and follow product labels. Sources of additional information are listed in these BMPs.

Fungicide BMPs

These BMPs are designed to prevent fungicide drift and minimize volatilization, and to protect bystanders and off-target areas.

Pesticide Management and Handling BMPs

These BMPs are designed to protect personal safety and the environment, and provide guidelines to apply, manage and dispose of waste properly.

Pesticide BMPs for Turfgrass (lawns and golf courses)

The MDA and the University of Minnesota developed a set of core voluntary BMPs related to turfgrass pesticides. The purpose of these BMPs is to protect water resources, humans, and non-target organisms including pollinators. The BMPs were finalized based on comments received during a public comment period.

Pesticide Cue Cards

Cue cards are developed to provide guidance on the setback or buffer requirements of certain pesticides to protect water resources. The information in these cue cards is not a substitute of the product label. Always carefully read, understand and follow the product label.