The requirements for licensing and inspection of poultry are complex and can be very confusing. There are two separate requirements for selling poultry – Licensing and Inspection.
Some producers may be exempt from one or both of the requirements. The following are answers to some of the commonly asked questions regarding sales of processed poultry. For other questions, please contact the MDA's Dairy and Meat Inspection Division at 651-201-6300.
I want to sell my poultry directly to the consumer from my farm – do I need a license or inspection?
No inspection is required for poultry producers who do their own processing and sell fewer than 1,000 home-raised poultry per year from their farm directly to the end consumer. Producers selling more than 1,000 birds per year, or producers who sell their poultry off the premises of their own farm (e.g. at a farmers' market, roadside stand), may be subject to inspection, though processing facilities do not need pre-approval by the MDA.
Some people who sell poultry directly from the farm are exempt from State licensing. To be exempt from State licensing, poultry must be sold directly from the farm, and the following requirements must be met:
- Birds are sold directly to the end consumer.
- The farm slaughters fewer than 20,000 birds annually.
- No birds are offered for sale or transportation in interstate commerce (i.e., across state lines).
- The farmer sells only birds raised on his/her own farm.
- The poultry products are sold as whole birds or cut up (no smoking or curing permitted).
- The poultry has been processed in one of two ways:
- The poultry grower slaughters his/her own birds under sanitary conditions OR
- The poultry have been processed at a USDA or Minnesota “Equal To” facility.
- The processor must keep slaughter and sales records.
- The processor has registered with the MDA as an on-farm exempt processor, if slaughtering and processing their own birds (PL Exempt).
- Poultry is properly labeled.
To sell your poultry from your farm it must be labeled with the following:
- The Farmer’s Name
- The Name and Address of your farm, including the zip code
- The Product Name
- “Exempt PL 90-492”
I want to sell my chickens at the farmers' market – can I slaughter them myself and sell them at the farmers' market?
Yes, if you have a facility that meets the requirements as outlined in 9 CFR 416.2 - 416.5. These facilities may be subject to inspection by the MDA to ensure proper construction and sanitation. Home-slaughtered birds cannot be sold to grocery stores or other retail outlets other than farmers' markets. To have your facility reviewed, please call the MDA's Dairy and Meat Inspection Division at 651-201-6300 or email us at MDA.MeatPoultryEgg@state.mn.us.
Do I need a license to sell my birds at the farmers' market?
Farmers selling whole or cut up poultry (no other ingredients added) from their own flock are not required to be licensed per State licensing requirements. However, certain local governments may require licensing to sell products at a farmers' market so it is important to check with them as well. These producers must also register as an on-farm exempt producer with the MDA. There is no fee associated with this registration.
I have my chickens processed at the local butcher shop – can I sell them at the farmers' market?
To sell these chickens, the local butcher would need to be a USDA inspected or Minnesota “Equal To” inspected processing plant. These plants must meet more stringent food safety standards than those for custom exempt plants. During USDA or Minnesota “Equal To” inspection, each chicken is inspected for food safety and wholesomeness – you can be sure your chickens have been processed to the highest level of food safety. For a list of these plants, contact the MDA's Dairy and Meat Inspection Division at 651-201-6300 or the USDA Des Moines District Office at 1-800-990-9834.
There are no regulatory requirements for an individual to process their own birds for their own personal use.
These birds must be processed under USDA or Minnesota “Equal To” inspection. Licensing is not required by the State if you are only selling birds you have raised.