How to Obtain Approval
Licensed pesticide applicators in Minnesota must fulfill a continuing education requirement to renew their license annually. One continuing education option available to licensed pesticide applicators is attendance at approved recertification workshops that are category-specific. Workshops are conducted at various locations throughout the State of Minnesota.
Those who are eligible to recertify through recertification workshops discussed here are:
- Commercial pesticide applicators
- Noncommercial pesticide applicators
- Structural pest control applicators
Planning Meetings and Agendas:
- Individuals interested in developing recertification workshops should contact the MDA to schedule a planning meeting prior to submitting the intended agenda
- The MDA participates in planning meetings to provide assistance of the development of the workshop program to ensure the necessary standards are met
- Planning meetings should be scheduled with MDA far enough in advance to book speakers, distribute any brochures or literature, book venue logistics, and carefully review the program agenda
- In order for workshops to be approved, the detailed program agenda must be submitted to MDA
- A copy of the proposed agenda must be submitted to MDA no later than four (4) months prior to the selected workshop date. The MDA will have one (1) month to review the agenda for approval.
- The MDA monitors attendance at all pesticide applicator workshops and participates in the workshops by providing information on the safe and legal application of pesticides. Enrollment must be open to all licensed personnel (except those programs provided by governmental agencies for their employees). Private, industrial training workshops will not be considered for recertification.
- The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) recognizes the Minnesota Department of Agriculture (MDA) as the state's lead agency responsible for implementation and enforcement of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and the Minnesota Pesticide Control Law (MPCL). The USEPA and the MDA require specific standards be incorporate into the pesticide applicator recertification workshops. Program agendas for workshops must include these standards. MDA checks adherence to workshop standards (below) as part of the approval process.
Standards for certification of applicators of restricted use pesticides were first printed in the Federal Register on October 9, 1974. The general standards from which these were derived are found in the Code of Federal Regulations, 40 CFR Parts 171.1-171.6 (categories for minimum standards) and 40 CFR Parts 171.7-171.11 (regulations for state plans for implementing certification).
1. Laws and Regulations
- FIFRA as amended, and any other applicable federal laws
- State laws
- Restricted Use Pesticides
- Right-to-know cases
- Specific Misuse Cases
- Risk assessment
Discussion should include a review of the roles and interrelationships of federal and state agencies regulating pesticides.
Changes in laws and/or regulations should also be addressed. Applicators should be advised of what constitutes illegal acts and violations.
2. Pesticide Labels and Labeling Comprehension
- What is on a pesticide label?
- When should you read the label?
- A typical pesticide label.
- Recommendations made from labels.
A typical pesticide label should be discussed with each major point of information being indicated and its position on the label pointed out. Students should be taught that the label is the first and best source of information and that one should never deviate from the label in making recommendations or applying pesticides. (Minnesota Statutes Section 18B.07, subdivisions 1 and 2)
3. Pesticide Safety
- Pesticide Selection
- Handling, mixing and loading pesticides
- Application of pesticides
- Re-entry into treated fields and required posting
- Protective clothing and equipment
- Care and maintenance of protective equipment and clothing
- Pesticide poisoning effects and symptoms
- First aid for pesticide poisoning
- Medical supervision for pesticide applicators
- Toxicity of pesticides
- Minimizing exposure — chronic toxicity — risk assessment
- Personal safety and hygiene
If possible, actual protective clothing and equipment should be used and a practical demonstration made to show the proper fitting of the protective clothing, equipment and respirators. It should be impressed upon the student that careful selection, handling, mixing and application of pesticides as well as observing re-entry times into treated fields will go a long way toward eliminating applicator pesticide exposure and accidents.
4. Environmental Considerations
- Beneficial insects
- Pesticide persistence
- Pesticide accumulation
- Alternatives to pesticide
- What pesticide applicators can do to protect the environment
- Drift to non-target sites
- Environmental fate of pesticides
- Non-point source pollution
Discussion should include ground and surface water problems and ways that pesticides can cause pollution of these waters. Discussion about wildlife should include information regarding the Federal Endangered Act (Public Law 100-478) and the implication of the use of pesticides in certain areas where endangered or threatened species have been identified. (Minnesota Statutes Section 84.0895).
- Pest identification biology and habits
- Threshold levels
- Choice of control methods
- Timing and applications
The students should be trained to recognize and understand the biology and behavior of those pests he/she needs to be familiar with in order to diagnose a problem and select the proper control measures. The student should be made aware of resistance problems and of beneficial species that may be impacted by certain control measures.
- Classification, chemistry and characteristics
- Types of formulations
- Pesticides compatibility
- Additives and adjuvants
- Pesticide resistance
The student needs to understand the nature of the various types of formulations of pesticides available and to recognize that some pesticides are not compatible. Students should also be taught the function of spray additives and adjuvants as well as possible potential problems.
7. Pesticide Application Equipment
- Types of Equipment
- Equipment parts, with emphasis on nozzles
- Sprayer maintenance and cleaning
- Sprayer storage
- Pesticide transfer — closed systems
The student should be made familiar with the various types of hand, ground and aerial equipment available and with the various parts and functions of spray equipment. The student should be made aware that sprayer maintenance, cleaning and storage is highly important to maintaining a properly functioning sprayer.
8. Pesticide Equipment Calibration
- Calibration factors
- Calibration methods
The student should be taught that proper calibration of spray equipment is one of the most important factors in pesticide application equipment and to understand the importance of performing frequent calibration.
9. Pesticide Calculations and Application Techniques
- Calculations for mixing
- Useful formula and conversion tables
Students should be given training on the mathematical calculations required to figure the proper amount of pesticide to place in the sprayer or to apply per acre. Familiarization with useful formulae and standard conversion tables is necessary for the student to use pesticides properly.
10. Pesticide Transportation, Storage, Decontamination and Disposal
- Spills, fires and emergency responses
- Bulk storage and handling
- Storage, disposal and reuse of dilute (left over) spray mixture
Although this information could be included under the safety section, this portion is primarily an aftermath of mixing and applying pesticides and then dealing with the proper decontamination, disposal and re-storage of the pesticides. Students should be taught proper decontamination techniques and advised of available disposal alternatives for empty pesticide containers and unused or unwanted portions of pesticides.
11. Pesticide Record Keeping
- Pesticide record keeping
- The need for records
- How to keep records
- Rotation of crops and/or pesticides
Students should be taught what information should be kept on pesticide records and should be impressed that good records can be useful in one’s defense in the case of a misuse complaint or lawsuit for damages.
12. People, Pesticides and Public Relations
- Applicator responsibilities
- Community concerns
- Individual concerns
Public concerns about the use of pesticides make it imperative that pesticide applicators have an understanding of those concerns. Applicators need to know how to communicate with the public regarding their activities and to understand that they have a responsibility to do so.
13. Special Concerns
- Farm worker safety
- Right-to-know laws
- Endangered species
- Pest resistance (local problems)
14. Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
- Definition and philosophy
- Application of IPM techniques
- Discuss what qualifies as IPM and what does not