Common Name: Wild Parsnip
Latin Name: Patinaca sativa L.
Reviewer: Anthony B. Cortilet
Affiliation/Organization: Minnesota Department of Agriculture
FILE #: MDARA00025WIPAR_2_24_2014
Review Entity | Outcome
NWAC Listing Subcommittee: Specially Regulated Plant – Due to it being a crop grown in MN. Special Regulation would be to control all wild populations, excluding approved cultivated varieties.
Comments: First review – 06/20/2013, Final Review 08/12/2013
NWAC Full-group: Vote 12 – 1 in favor of reclassifying from a Prohibited – Control species to a Specially Regulated Plant per Listing Subcommittee’s assessment.
Comments: Reviewed 12/18/13
MDA Commissioner: Denied NWAC’s recommendation due to petition letters and other stakeholder input that suggested reclassifying would cause confusion with the requirements under the law and the fact that parsnips are a minor crop in MN. Commissioner ordered that it remain a Prohibited Control Species with an exemption for approved non-wild cultivated varieties.
Comments: Reviewed 2/24/2014
Arthur R. Zangerl 1990. Furanocoumarin Induction in Wild Parsnip: Evidence for an Induced Defense against Herbivores. Ecology. 71: 1926–1932.
Mark R. Berenbaum, A.r. Zangerl, and J.K. Nitao. 1986. Constraints on Chemical Coevoloution: Wild Parsnips and The Parsnip Webworm. Evolution. 40 (6), PP 1215– 1228.
Diane Yates. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. After more than 100 years apart, webworms devastate New Zealand parsnips.
Mark J Renz. 2009. Wild Parsnip Identification and Management. IPAW Presentation on Controlling Biennials and Monocarpic Species.
MDA. Minnesota Noxious Weed Lists. 2013.
MDA. Prohibited– Control Noxious Weed. Wild Parsnip– Pastinaca sativa L. 2013.
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