Newly restored wetlands in the Conservation Reserve Program. Photo courtesy USDA NRCS.
Wetland restoration reestablishes or repairs the hydrology, plants and soils of a former or degraded wetland that has been drained, farmed or otherwise modified since European settlement. The goal is to closely approximate the original wetland's natural condition, resulting in multiple environmental benefits.
Restoring wetland hydrology typically involves breaking drainage tile lines, building a dike or embankment to retain water and/or installing adjustable outlets to regulate water levels.
Restored wetland plants usually include a mix of native water-loving grasses, sedges, rushes and forbs (broad-leaved flowering plants) in the basin or ponded area and a mix of native grasses and forbs in upland buffers around the basin.
In Minnesota, the most commonly restored wetlands are depressional wetlands in the prairie pothole region of the state and floodplain wetlands along rivers and streams.
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Guidance from USDA's Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
Also see resources for Similar & related practices listed above.
See contacts for specific programs that fund this practice in the side-by-side payment comparison or contact your local Soil and Water Conservation District