A controlled burn fire line moving across a managed grassland. Photo courtesy Ron VanNimwegen.
Examining a well-established grass stand. Photo courtesy USDA NRCS.
Grassland management keeps grass stands healthy so they continue to provide long-term conservation benefits. It is important for native as well as non-native (introduced) grassland ecosystems. Well established native grasslands, however, typically do not need ongoing insecticide or herbicide treatment for weed control.
Grassland management, especially weed control, is critical in the first few years after grass is planted. Removing dead plant residues through, mowing, clipping, grazing or controlled burning invigorates grassland by creating open soil for new grass growth. Burning is especially useful in killing weed seeds, insects and other pests as well as recycling nutrients to promote vigorous plant growth.
Common additional grassland management activities include long-term invasive species management and re-seeding problem areas. Other aspects of grassland management vary depending on whether and how the grassland is used, e.g., for habitat, pasture, hay, biomass for biofuels or native seed production.
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Guidance from USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)
Minnesota Post-CRP Management Series - MN Dept of Agriculture
See also resources for Controlled Burning and Invasive Species Management.
See contacts for specific programs that fund this practice in the side-by-side payment comparison or contact your local Soil and Water Conservation District