The Dairy Inspection Program is a regulatory inspection program designed to ensure that milk and other dairy products are safe. The State Grade A program must meet Federal requirements in order for Grade A dairy products, including fluid milk, to be shipped interstate. Manufacturing grade products are held to similar Federal requirements. Dairy inspectors perform a wide variety of inspection duties, not just farm inspections.
Without dairy inspection, farmers, dairy plants and cooperatives would not be able to sell Grade A milk interstate. Program requirements are dictated by the Pasteurized Milk Ordinance (PMO), which is a Federal model document for milk regulations. Changes for this document can be proposed every two years during the National Conference of Interstate Milk Shipment (NCIMS). Proposals are debated and voted on and must receive final approval by the Food and Drug Administration to be enacted.