Congress passed the federal Endangered Species Act in 1973 to stop further extinctions of plants and animals. The act defines endangered species as a plant or animal in danger of extinction, and a threatened species as a plant or animal likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future. It is illegal under the Endangered Species Act to kill or harm an endangered or threaten species. It is also illegal to destroy or modify critical habitats they depend on.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) maintains the federal lists of endangered and threatened species. Six federally listed endangered species and four federally listed threatened species live in Minnesota. Also listed are candidate species, species that are in process of being designated as threatened or endangered. There are currently five federally listed candidate species in Minnesota. See the publication Federally Listed Endangered, Threatened and Candidate Species for Minnesota (PDF: 273 KB / 5 pages) to see the current list of federally protected species in Minnesota or visit the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Through the work of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, landowners in Minnesota generally know when an endangered, threatened, or candidate species is living on their property. Applicators should check with landowners about the presence of protected species before applying pesticides.
Landowners and applicators who want to check for the potential presence of endangered, threatened, and candidate species can contact the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources or by calling 651-296-6157 or 888-646-6367.
Minnesota Department of Agriculture
Collie Graddick, Pesticide Management Unit
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Endangered Species Protection Program
Office of Pesticides Programs
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Twin Cities Ecological Services Field Office
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources
Natural Heritage and Nongame Research Program