Minnesota Dwarf Trout Lily is found only in Minnesota and is endangered.
Avoiding damage to non-target plants and animals is always the responsibility of pesticide applicators, but that responsibility is all the more critical when endangered or threatened species are concerned. An endangered species is plant or animal in danger of becoming extinct. A threatened species is a plant or animal likely to become endangered in near future. Minnesota has six endangered species and four threatened species listed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) federally registers pesticides and has the responsibility under the Endangered Species Act to assure pesticide use does not jeopardize an endangered or threatened species, or destroy or modify its critical habitat. The Minnesota Department of Agriculture assists the EPA Office of Pesticide Programs' Endangered Species Protection Program in carrying out this responsibility in Minnesota through educating landowners and pesticide applicators, conducting field studies, and enforcing pesticide label requirements.
By following the key points below, pesticide applicators can avoid harming an endangered or threatened species or its critical habitat:
Bottom line: Be aware of endangered, threatened, and candidate species in the areas you apply pesticides. Practice precautions necessary to assure pesticide applications do not harm plants and animals that are at risk of extinction. Realize there is no legal excuse for harming an endangered or threatened species or their crucial habitat with a pesticide.
Minnesota Department of Agriculture
Collie Graddick, Pesticide Management Unit
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Endangered Species Protection Program
Office of Pesticides Programs
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Twin Cities Ecological Services Field Office
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources
Natural Heritage and Nongame Research Program