Acetochlor is a herbicide widely used on corn in Minnesota, and to a limited extent, also on soybeans. Common trade names for acetochlor products include Harness, Keystone, SureStart, Surpass, Volley and Warrant*. In 2005, it was applied to 33% of Minnesota corn acres, making it the third-most-used corn herbicide in the state in terms of acres covered (see "Pesticide Use in Minnesota"). Depending on the specific acetochlor product label, it is registered in Minnesota for use on field corn, popcorn, production seed corn, silage corn, sweet corn and soybeans.
Acetochlor controls weeds by inhibiting growth of seedling shoots. It needs to be applied before weeds germinate to be effective; therefore, it is typically applied just before or after planting. Acetochlor provides good control of most annual grassy weeds and a number of annual broadleaf weeds. Its control of perennial weeds is limited to yellow nutsedge (Cultural and Chemical Weed Control in Field Crops 2006, University of Minnesota, 2006.). It is often used in combination with other herbicides to obtain "broad-spectrum" weed control. Atrazine is the most common herbicide used in combination with acetochlor (Table 1).
Other preemergence corn herbicides which provide weed control similar to acetochlor include dimethenamid-P (Outlook, Slider), s-metolachlor (Charger, Dual II Magnum, Clinch), and pendimethalin (Prowl)*. (Cultural and Chemical Weed Control in Field Crops 2006, University of Minnesota, 2006.).
Acetochlor is in the chloroacetanilide herbicide family which also includes the herbicides alachlor, dimethenamid, and metolachlor. It is in herbicide Site of Action Group 15, known as long-chain fatty acid inhibitors (Corn and Soybean Herbicide Mode of Action Chart, University of Wisconsin Extension, 2007.).
Acetochlor has been found at concentrations of concern in south-central Minnesota streams. Two water bodies, the Le Sueur River and Little Beauford Ditch, are on the state’s impaired water list due to elevated concentrations of acetochlor.
Acetochlor is currently not a Restricted Use Pesticide (RUP); therefore, no special certification is needed for its use unless it is being applied for hire or if it is being used in combination with a Restricted Use Pesticide such as atrazine. If acetochlor is being applied for hire or used in combination with a Restricted Use Pesticide, pesticide applicators need to be licensed or certified by the Minnesota Department of Agriculture (MDA), a process which includes passing an exam on proper pesticide use. Information on Minnesota's pesticide applicator certification and licensing programs.
* No endorsement is implied and no discrimination is intended in the referencing of commercial products or trade names.
Gregg Regimbal, Supervisor
Pesticide Management Unit